Garmangabis

Garmangabis is a British goddess worshipped in northern England near Hadrian’s Wall. It is unknown whether her name is Germanic or Celtic and I have seen her claimed by scholars on both sides; an altar erected in her honor was placed by members of the Germanic Suebi tribe, but since there was a certain amount of religious fluidity at Roman forts in foreign lands, this is not definitive..

Myth
Unknown.

Cult
Garmangabis received votive and dedicatory offerings from her worshippers; otherwise little is known of the specifics of her cult.

Etymology
It is uncertain whether Garmangabis’ name is Celtic or Germanic in origin, If Germanic it likely derives from the Proto-Germanic *geban or “to give” (thus, perhaps, the “Germanic givers”); if Celtic it could derive from the Proto-Celtic *gab-yo or “to take, to hold” and *garsman or “shout, cry out” (and thus possibly suggest a willingness to respond to the cries of those in need).

Region
Garmangabis is known from an inscription found near Lanchester in England.

Literary evidence
Unknown.

Archaeological evidence
Lanchester, England