Ancamna

Ancamna is a Celtic goddess worshipped in Gaul. She may have been associated with rivers and/or healing springs, based on her name, the offerings made to her, and her companions. Her iconography is unremarkable, but an image of the goddess holding a basket of fruit suggests that she may be a bringer of abundance.

In Mohn she is accompanied by the god Smertrios (Mars Smertrios to the Romans by way of interpretatio romana) at a holy spring; in Trier she is accompanied by Lenus (Mars Lenus). In Ripsdorf she is paired with the Gaulish Mars, although no native name is provided for him.

Her association with Lenus suggests a healing aspect to Ancamna, while the maternal goddess figures found at her shrine in Mohn indicate a protective function (these may be a later–post-Roman-occupation–addition to her cult, but clearly it was a meaningful one).

Myth
Unknown.

Cult
Ancamna received votive and dedicatory offerings from her worshippers; otherwise little is known of the specifics of her cult.

Etymology
I have not seen a definitive etymology for Ancamna’s name, but the now-nonexistent Celtnet website suggested the reconstructed Proto-Celtic *an-kambo-abon-a or “very crooked river,” which does go along with her presence at watery sites.

Region
Ancamna was worshipped in the Moselle valley region with an apparent center of worship at Trier.

Literary evidence
None.

Archaeological evidence
Freckenfeld, Germany; Mohn, Germany; Ripsdorf, Germany; Trier, Germany