Camulus is a Celtic god worshipped in Gaul and Britain; he is depicted in art wearing either an oaken crown or a set of ram’s horns, and coins bearing the image of a boar connect him with that beast. He is likely a god of war and battle, a protector.

Camulus was sometimes identified by the Romans with their god Mars by way of the interpretatio romana.


Camulus received votive and dedicatory offerings from his worshippers; apart from this, little is known of the specifics of his cult.

The origins of Camulus’ name are uncertain. It has been connected to other words in the same linguistic family, including the Welsh camwyr or “champion.”

Camulus was worshipped in Britain and Gaul, particularly north-eastern France and Belgium.

Literary evidence

Archaeological evidence
Arlon, Belgium; Autelbas, Belgium; Kruishoutern, Belgium; Solin, Croatia; Croy Hill, England; London, England; Clermont-Ferrand, France; Reims, France; Mainz, Germany; Rindern, Germany; Rome, Italy; Sarmizegetusa, Romania; Bar Hill, Scotland